Forensic science has crossed over to the digital world in what is now called “digital or cybersecurity forensics.” And just like their physical crime scene counterparts, cybersecurity forensics experts need to hold on to whatever evidence they have and use it to get one step closer to catching the perpetrator.
Evidence comes in many different forms, but cybercriminals often use domain names and Domain Name System (DNS) infrastructure since those assets are practically what makes the Internet work.
When creating botnets for a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack, for example, threat actors need to infect hundreds or thousands of devices. Each of these devices has an IP address, and the requests they send to the target’s server may sometimes contain the command-and-control (C&C) server domain. Even with their most effective entry point – phishing emails – the bad guys need to use domain names and subdomains.